Civil engineering is the oldest engineering disciplineafter Military Engineering. The term was coined to distinguish Non-Military Engineering from Military Engineering. This stream is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including Environmental Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Municipal or Urban Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Materials Engineering, Coastal Engineering, Surveying, and Construction Engineering. Civil Engineering takes place on all levels: in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
Worldwide, the infrastructure market wants more Civil Engineers to make structures. Not only megacities and IT parks, but also segregated residential complexes are emerging to make a better living for the public. Many semi-metropolitan cities are improving their economy by constructing various industries, factories for the normal people to work in. Various disaster prone countries now want Civil Engineers to make safe and secure buildings for them. We are seeing inaccessible places in the world being converted in to inhabited places with the help of engineered roads and highways. Nowadays metropolitan cities are joined together with the help of first class freeways to reduce transportation time. A Civil Engineer is also shining in the field of management as he /she already has the knowledge of commerce.Different Roles, Different names